Prof. Dr. Peter Schmidt


Economics & Statistics

  Springterm 2024


  ECONOMICS as a Business Environment (MBA/EAM)

Basic Material / Links:

      

Nr Date Teamwork tasks: please prepare (for the session) Unit / contents Material / Remarks / Exercises
x
all

Outlook:

Current public debates about economic Policy Issues

Weitere Infos zum Thema (in German):
- Übersicht: Konjunkturprognosen für Deutschland - Die Vorhersagen der Wirtschaftsschätzer (Tagesschau)

 

= Joint Economic Forecasts (english)

Joint Economic Forecast Spring 2024:
Headwinds from Germany and Abroad – Institutes Revise Forecast Significantly Downward
   27 March 24

         

´Policy Brief 1/2024
The Debt Brake after the Federal Constitutional Court Judgement: Increase Flexibility - Maintain Stability

On Nov 8 2023 the Council of Economic Experts published its annual report 2023/24:
Overcoming sluggish growth – investing in the future

1 Sa 27.04.24 09:00

House / Principle:
(teamwork in class- short presentations of 5 to 10 minutes)
- content of your principles / text
- own example for each principle

House-Teamwork in class
- A: Mankiw Principles 1 - 4
- B: Mankiw Principles 5 - 7
- C: Mankiw Principles 8 - 10
- D: Obama Text

Section I: Introduction

WHY - What's it about?

- 10 Principles of Economics (Mankiw) [Reader 2024, p 3]
- B. Obama "The Audacity of Hope" (p. 178-185 for the teamwork)
- Basic Concepts of Economics
- Goals in Economics and Economic Policy
- Economic systems and Hierarchy of goals

Houses:
- Alfa:     Alexander, Angela, Vladyslaw 
- Bravo:   Inken, Kira, Sosa
- Charlie: Mary, Partha
- Delta:

Welcome.ppt

- "Basic Concepts"
- Economics @ Wikipedia
 

2 Sa 27.04.24 13:15

 

- 10 Principles of Economics (Mankiw - review, esp. 5-7) [Reader]

Chapter 1: Economics for Business
(chapters refer to
"Economics for Business" by David Begg und Damian Ward - 6th edition in our library SuUB)

Hierarchy of goals in market economies
- See also the
quotations of T. Friedman

- "Wall Street" @ Wikipedia

3 Sa 04.05.24 9:00

Housework for today:
(please prepare short presentations = 9 up to 12 (=maximum!) minutes are requested - thank you)

Mankiw: "Problems and Applications":
A:  9,10,12 + one story for 17
B:  5, 6, 8 + one story for 17
C:  1, 3, 4 + one story for 17
D: 13 - 15 + one story for 17

Section II: Understanding Markets

- Chapter 2: Consumers in the Market Place
-------> Elasticity

(Chapter 3: "Firms in the Market Place" will not be discussed in this class)

 
4 Sa 04.05.24 13:15
  -14:45 !!

No house-homework,
   but we'll do exercises in class


As we'll finish chapter 2 quickly, I recommend that you read parts 2.4 and 2.5 (starting p 41 in the book or p 94 in the pdf) about elasticity.

- Chapter 2: Consumers in the Market Place
-------> Elasticity

(Chapter 3: "Firms in the Market Place" will not be discussed in this class)
Chapter 4: Markets in Action

Section III: Competition and Profitability
Chapter 5: Market structure and Firm Performance
    Competition, Monopoly and the public interest.

(chap. 3 - "The Production Process" )
see also the Excel file with some Figures from the book

 Movie "A beautiful Mind" about John F. Nash
- 'Beautiful Mind' mathematician John Nash killed in crash
- Famed 'A Beautiful Mind' mathematician John Nash, wife, killed in N.J. Turnpike crash
"Split or Steal" and "From Stealing to Trust"

5 Fr 24.05.24 18:00  

Section III: Competition and Profitability
Chapter 5: Market structure and Firm Performance
    Competition, Monopoly and the public interest.

 
6

Sa 25.05.24

 

Chapter 5: Market structure and Firm Performance
    Competition, Monopoly and the public interest.

Review Microeconomics -> What did we learn? / your questions

Section IV: Domestic Macroeconomics

Chapter 9 : An introduction to the macro economy
German National Accounting @DeStatis:
-
National Accounts at a glance 2020

Test preparation: We can briefly discuss some exercise questions, that you can prepare if you want:
- Micro Exam (WS 06/07): tasks 2 and 3 (hints)
- MBA Exam (Oct 08): task 5 (here some (very few) hints to this exam)
+ Exampe test in AULIS
+ Example: exam MBA May 2016 (and numerical results)
(only limited content - microeconomics) 

And you definitely should do the example test available in our AULIS group - please ask questions if you don't understand the solutions

7 Sa
22.06.24 9:00

Test (9:15-10:15 / AULIS): The topics covered will be discussed in class.      Preview:
- Basic problems and concepts of Economics, Hierarchy of goals in market economies, systems
- Mankiws Principles
- Begg/Ward:
- Microeconomics chap 1, 2, 4, 5
- Macroeconomics chap 9 - as far as discussed

 

 

Please recall the house work for next session
(see below at Sa 29.06.24)

 

Section IV: Domestic Macroeconomics

Chapter 9 : An introduction to the macro economy
German National Accounting @DeStatis:
-
National Accounts at a glance 2020

Chapter 10: Measuring Macroeconomic Variables and Policy Issues

 

 

Chapter 13: Expenditure and Fiscal Policy
History of economics thoughts and policy / Economic Theory and Policy:
- Keynesian Cross,
- Multiplier, Balanced Budget

 

- GDP: What does the indicator describe? + How is it calculated?
- German Statistical Bureau - DeStatis
- National Account, Domestic Product
- current figures: National Accounts at a glance (in German: "Wichtige Zusammenhänge im Überblick")

- "Monitoring economic performance, quality of life and sustainability" by the German Council of Economic Experts in association with the french Council of Economic Analysis - Joint Report 2010 requested by the Franco-German Ministerial Council to Chancellor Mrs. Angela Merkel and then french President Nicolas Sarkozy (deutsche Übersetzung: Wirtschaftsleistung, Lebensqualität und Nachhaltigkeit: Ein umfassendes Indikatorensystem). This report (and request) was based on the ...
Report of the commission on the measurement of economic performance et social progress by the "Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi commission" (more in German) 2009

- Joseph Stiglitz - Problems with GDP as an Economic Barometer
- Amartya Sen: Beyond GDP, measures of welfare and sustainability (2/7 ..)

OECD: "Beyond GDP" Joseph E. STIGLITZ, Jean-Paul FITOUSSIand Martine DURAND (2018)

The German Statistical Office (DeStatis) publishes Environmental indicators and also "Measuring Well-being and Progress: Well-being Research" (OECD)

 

Current

Issues / reports / forecasts

Mai 2024          Arbeitsgruppe Alternative Wirtschaftspolitik - MEMORANDUM 2024

Schuldenbremse lösen: Auftakt zum gerechten Klimaschutz

Arbeitsgruppe Alternative Wirtschaftspolitik (auch: "Memorandum-Gruppe" bzw. "Memo-Gruppe") -> https://www.alternative-wirtschaftspolitik.de Auf dieser Webseite finden sich auch akutelle Veröffentlichen zur derzeitgen (Wirtschafts-) Lage


= Joint Economic Forecasts
(english)

 

Joint Economic Forecast Spring 2024:
Headwinds from Germany and Abroad – Institutes Revise Forecast Significantly Downward
   27 March 24

  

On Nov 8 2023 the Council of Economic Experts published its annual report 2023/24:

Overcoming sluggish growth – investing in the future



Weitere Infos zum Thema (in German):
- Übersicht: Konjunkturprognosen für Deutschland - Die Vorhersagen der Wirtschaftsschätzer (Tagesschau)

8 Sa 29.06.24 09:00

Team House-work    (for this session):
present in class the most important messages of the following reports / approaches:
[max 15 min/house]

Alfa: Council of Economic Experts published its annual report 2022/23:
Managing the energy crisis in solidarity, shaping the new reality

(alternatively you can opt to work on another report from the row above -
but in this case you have to work with the German version as the English material is too short).

__ Alternative Economic approaches:__

Bravo: Doughnut Economics (Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist) -> links ->

Charlie: The Economy for the Common Good -> links in the middle column ->

-----------------
Measuring WELFARE & SUSTAINABILITY

- The Economy for the Common Good
- What if the common good was the goal of the economy? | Christian Felber (TEDxVienna) [up to 12:45]
- Common Good Matrix 5.0
- Workbook ECG Balance Sheet 5.0
- Description on "TheNextSystem.org"

- Doughnut Economics (Ways to Think Like a 21st-Century Economist)
- Why it's time for 'Doughnut Economics' | Kate Raworth | TEDx
- www.kateraworth.com/
- Re-Writing (Neo-Liberal) Economics

_________________________________________

Chapter 14: Money, Banking and Interest
- Money and the Banking system,
- Monetary Policy: the ECB

____Further topics (see also material on the right side):
Macroeconomic equilibrium IS/LM-Model
Chapter 15: Inflation, Output and Economic Policy
Chapter 16: Supply Side Policies and Economic Growth

- Eurostat with National Accounts
- Source OECD & ILibrary - The OECD's Online Library of Statistical Databases, Books and Periodicals (accessible from the campus net - or via VPN)

- GDP to NNI and summary of National Income accounting

Price index in Germany: (Statistisches Bundesamt)
- Price Kaleidoscope (Basket)
- Basket of goods and services and weighting pattern

Keynesian theory / application:
- Data for Consumption Function @Destatis (open "Chain-linked volume data and contributions to growth" at end of page (+ incl. regression)
- Annenberg Video @ learners.org: 17. John Maynard Keynes

- European Integration (ECB presentation)

ECB homepage - definitions of monetary aggregates - MFI information - Inflation Monitor - see also: Leitzins.info
videos (YouTube channel): The History of the European Central Bank - Chapter 5: Monetary Policy Instruments -

Key ECB interest rates and Leitzinsen.info for an overview
Monetary policy: Inflation

Links:

Data Sources:

Bremen University of Applied Sciences
Department of Business Studies
Economics & Statistics